Sambalpur has a well networked transport facility for commercial and public transportation. It is connected to the rest of Odisha and India by national highway – NH 6, which is a part of Asian Highway-AH46 (Mumbai-Nagpur-Kolkata line). NH 42connects with Cuttack and Bhubaneswar, State Highway 10 (SH10) connects with Jharsuguda and Rourkela, and the new Biju Expressway (under construction) will connect Rourkela-Sambalpur-Jagdalpur.
City bus services have started in Sambalpur from January 2014. The service was inaugurated by Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik. It is run on a PPP (Public Private Partnership) by two companies, Western Odisha Urban Transport Service Limited (WOUTSL) and Paschim Odisha Paribahan Company (POPCO).<!–

There are five railway stations in Sambalpur City (since it gained the corporation tag), namely Sambalpur Junction, Sambalpur Road Railway Station (SBPD), Hirakud Railway Station (HKG), Sambalpur City Railway Station (SBPY) and Maneswar Railway Station (MANE). Sambalpur City and Maneswar Railway Stations are located on the Bhubaneswar-Sambalpur route (commissioned in 1998), while the other three stations are located on the Jharsuguda-Vizianagaram route. There are direct train connections to all the metros and prominent cities across India.
The nearest airports are Swami Vivekananda Airport, Raipur (262 km, 163 mi) and Biju Patnaik International Airport, Bhubaneswar (325 km, 202 mi). A new airport is being constructed at Jharsuguda (50 km)